The paper considers the impact of U.K. defined benefit DB pension plan funding and investment on the U.K. economy. It suggests that many conventional theories are based on incomplete or inconsistent economics. The conclusion of the paper is that the most significant impact of pension funds on the U.K. economy relates to the costs imposed by extreme mismatching between their financial assets and liabilities. The author argues that such risks can, in essence, crowd out entrepreneurial risk. He asserts that the U.K. economy would gain from greater focus on the matching of these assets and liabilities, and that the best way to stimulate enterprise is by eliminating the frictional costs in the economy arising from current practices.