Working in Retirement Grows as Many Fear Financial Security
Society of Actuaries' report shows many plan to work in retirement for additional income, to preserve assets and to keep employee benefits
Schaumburg, Ill. (August 15, 2012) – Many people are discovering they will need to continue working in retirement in order to prevent a major decline in living standards, according to a new report from the Society of Actuaries (SOA).
Among the findings in the SOA report released today about working in retirement from the “2011 Risks and Process of Retirement Survey Report,” 35 percent of pre-retirees surveyed do not expect to retire, up from 29 percent in 2009.
Although the majority of pre-retirees as well as retirees say the desire to stay active and engaged is a reason to work in retirement (with 89 percent of pre-retirees planning to work and 77 percent of retirees already working in retirement), financial concerns also play a critical role in the decision. In fact, more than four in 10 pre-retirees, who do not expect to retire, say it is because they are financially unable to do so (45 percent).
Of the respondents with financial concerns, many indicated they planned to work in retirement because they wanted:
- additional income (74 percent of retirees, 87 percent of pre-retirees)
- to preserve or build up assets (59 percent of retirees, 80 percent of pre-retirees)
- to keep employee benefits (33 percent of retirees currently working in retirement, 61 percent of pre-retirees).
“Current trends in retirement indicate that people may need to work longer than they originally planned,” said actuary and retirement expert Carol Bogosian, ASA. “Individuals often have a difficult time estimating how long they can expect to live, how much they will earn on their investments and how much they can spend each year to avoid running out of money. In fact, many people are just guessing about how much money they will need in retirement.”
While many pre-retirees are planning to work in retirement, those who eventually expect to retire think they will work longer than current retirees actually did. While half of retirees report they retired before age 60 (51 percent), just one in 10 pre-retirees think they will retire that early (12 percent). Instead, half of pre-retirees expecting to retire say they will wait at least until age 65 to do so.
“There is a big gap in the age at which pre-retirees expect to retire and actual retirement ages of those who have retired from their primary occupation,” Bogosian said.“This may be partially due to involuntary retirement and health problems. This gap, together with the failure of many people to plan for a long enough retirement period, may indicate significant future financial problems for many.”
The survey also indicated that many do not appear to understand the benefits of delaying retirement, which may be an important financial strategy for those who do not have enough resources, according to Bogosian.
In addition to financial aspects of working in retirement, the report also highlights data surrounding the type of work retirees choose to do, including:
- 50 percent of retirees who work in retirement find employment with a company other than the one that employed them pre-retirement, while only 29 percent report working for the same company as before retirement.
- 40 percent say they used entirely different skills in their post-retirement employment, while 39 percent of pre-retirees also plan to rely on other skills.
- 22 percent of retirees working in retirement indicate they started a small business or became self-employed when they retired. Similarly, 31 percent of pre-retirees who plan to retire say they will start a small business.
For a full copy of the SOA's working in retirement report, please click here.
For a full copy of the "2011 Risks and Process of Retirement Survey Report," click here.
About the Study
"The 2011 Risks and Process of Retirement Survey" was conducted on the SOA's behalf by Mathew Greenwald and Associates, Inc., and the Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI) through telephone interviews of 1,600 adults ages 45 to 80 (800 retirees; 800 pre-retirees–twice the sample number of prior surveys) in July 2011, before the most recent stock market volatility, U.S. debt downgrade and numerous federal interest rate announcements. Households were selected for participation from a nationwide targeted list sample. The margin of error for study results, at the 95 percent confidence level, is ± 4 percentage points for questions asked of all retirees or all pre-retirees.
This is the sixth biennial survey of post-retirement risks sponsored by the Society of Actuaries. Since the first survey in 2001, major events have transpired and trends have developed that have profoundly affected the retirement process, making the surveys and the responses to them more important in providing insight to retirement system stakeholders.
About the Society of Actuaries
The Society of Actuaries is an educational, research and professional organization dedicated to serving the public, its members and its candidates. The SOA's mission is to advance actuarial knowledge and to enhance the ability of actuaries to provide expert advice and relevant solutions for financial, business and societal problems. The SOA's vision is for actuaries to be the leading professionals in the measurement and management of risk.