How the American Retirement Savings System Magnifies Wealth Inequalityof my activity has been in health and long term care policy. I have worked for CMS, the National Health ... Washington University and for the American Health Care Association/National Center for Assisted Living ...
Description: This essay explores the role that the emerging defined contribution retirement system may be playing in the growth of wealth inequality in the United States. The current system leaves many Americans with little or no retirement savings. Those with higher accumulation levels appear to invest proportionally more in equities, which may have an exponential effect of balances over long time periods. The author hypothesizes that willingness to take investment risk involves the relationship between the amount an investor has accumulated and what she/he needs in order to cover basic costs of living. This is one reason that investors with greater accumulation levels may be able to earn higher rates of return. The essay concludes by suggesting that the U.S. defined contribution system should include all workers and provide additional fiduciary guidance. Examples reforms, both in the U.S. and other countries, are provided.Hide
- Authors: Karl Polzer
- Date: Feb 2017
- Competency: External Forces & Industry Knowledge; Leadership; Professional Values; Results-Oriented Solutions; Strategic Insight and Integration
- Publication Name: Pension Section News
- Topics: Economics>Behavioral economics; Economics>Financial economics; Enterprise Risk Management>Risk appetite; Pensions & Retirement>Defined contribution and 401k plans; Pensions & Retirement>Risk management; Public Policy
An Exploration of Lifecycle FinanceAn Exploration of Lifecycle Finance Many retirement actuaries have experience developing, ... purchase disability insur- ance to avoid losing your primary income source upon illness or injury. You purchase ...
Description: Many retirement actuaries have experience developing, implementing, and monitoring Liability Driven Investing (LDI) strategies for plan sponsors. These strategies typically involve modifying a plan’s investment strategy to remove a significant portion of the investment and interest rate risk now or at some point in the future when specific triggers are met. The tactics often involve the use of fixed income assets to cash flow and/or duration match the liabilities. In the spirit of helping actuaries expand their roles in an evolving defined contribution world, this article explores the application of LDI and derisking strategies within defined contribution and individual retirement accounts. The economic theory behind this approach is called the lifecycle hypothesis, or lifecycle finance. The benefits of the lifecycle finance method are that it provides a safe approach to save for retirement and a secure source of floor income during retirement. Similar to pension plans, each individual has his or her own idiosyncratic needs, wants, and risks that should be considered. Actuaries are uniquely situated to help defined contribution plan sponsors, individuals, and even themselves implement the lifecycle finance approach by developing and distributing tools and methods that focus on income (rather than wealth), LDI strategies, and personalization.Hide
- Authors: Matthew Brady
- Date: Sep 2019
- Competency: External Forces & Industry Knowledge; Results-Oriented Solutions; Strategic Insight and Integration; Technical Skills & Analytical Problem Solving
- Publication Name: Retirement Section News
- Topics: Economics; Economics>Financial economics; Pensions & Retirement; Pensions & Retirement>Defined contribution and 401k plans; Pensions & Retirement>Pension investments & asset liability management; Pensions & Retirement>Plan design; Pensions & Retirement>Retirement risks; Pensions & Retirement>Risk management; Pensions & Retirement>Post retirement risks