New Possibilities in Graduationgraduation of data by amounts. In such a case, primary data cards should carry not only the exposed and ... better to form outside error-values ~1 and ~+2 direct- ly from the four q~ values ending at x = o~ + ...
Description: This paper is from Transactions of Society of Actuaries 1955 Volume 7, Number 17. The author notes that recent advances in calculating equipment make possible producing graduations much more elaborate than any done previously. The paper confines itself to the problem of graduating a single column of rates, such as an ultimate column, using a Whittaker-Henderson B graduation of the fourth order. The author provides a detailed description of the process with significant mathematical theory.Hide
- Authors: Kingsland Camp
- Date: Mar 1955
- Competency: External Forces & Industry Knowledge>Actuarial theory in business context
- Publication Name: Transactions of the SOA
- Topics: Experience Studies & Data>Mortality; Modeling & Statistical Methods; Technology & Applications